Acne occurs when the skin is blocked due to oil, bacteria, or dead skin. Each pore of the skin opens to a follicle, which is made up of hair and oil glands. These glands will release sebum or oil that travels up the hair, out of the pore, and to the skin. It is this sebum that makes the skin lubricated and soft. Any issues on either of these could cause acne such as:
- Excess oil produced by the follicle
- Dead skin cells getting accumulated in the pores
- Bacteria building up in the pores
Treatment would differ based on the type of acne. For issues such as pink or red-colored boil, the doctor would prescribe ointments or cream. Most of the medications would kill the bacteria, reduce the oil content on the face, and treat the dead skin as well.
Laser treatment would be suggested to remove scars or acne. This also helps in the formation of healthy tissue in the skin. The laser is recommended and preferred by a lot of patients as it is a non-invasive procedure that is less painful and takes less time to recover.